In Experiment 1, Caucasian participants sorted photographs of either two Caucasian celebrities or two East Asian celebrities; to control for stimulus effects, Chinese participants also sorted the Caucasian photographs. The Caucasian celebrities were from a different country than the participants and thus unfamiliar. In Experiment 2, participants sorted non-celebrity faces and we used a complete design such that both Caucasian and Chinese participants sorted own- and other-race faces. We hypothesized that participants would make more piles (i.e., perceive more identities) when sorting unfamiliar other-race faces than unfamiliar own-race faces.
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