Since the 1970s, however, the majority of France’s immigrants have been North Africans from the Maghreb
tension first began to arise between Muslims and the native French.
As a part of the French colonial empire, North Africans have been immigrating to France since before World War I
manual labor jobs that most French citizens did not want,
poke French fluently
petroleum crisis broke in 1973,
ailure of the Republican integration model.
he 1970s was the end of France’s economic boom, and the beginning of the visibility of France’s immigrants.
assimilation has partially failed because of the dual sense of identity that has emerged from these immigrant
slam, and the legacy of France’s colonial past all play a role in determining immigrants’ identities as well as influencing the attitude of the “native” French
Muslims not only retains its ethnic identity, but nurtures it as a means of defense towards hostile native French citizens.
The native French have shown that they are not comfortable with Muslims in their society, and this encourages Muslims to romanticize their origins, while maintaining their French identities
racist and islamophobic tendencies
Lasting evidence of the colonial legacy
civic nationalism, but ignores the reality of its ethnic conten
France’s cultural identity includes the French language, culture/patrimony, and laïcité
Islam is at the core of a Muslim’s identity
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