Urbaniza- tion has proceeded at a slower pace than in neighboring countries: In 2011, 33 per- cent of Laotians lived in urban areas com- pared to 49 percent on average in South- east Asian developing countries.[8,9
13 out of 17 provinces, stunting lev- els are above the World Health Organization’s (WHO) critical threshold of 40 percent.
undernourishment was still prevalent in Lao PDR at 27.8 percent
EFSA Emergency Food Security Assessment
CFSAM Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission CFSVA Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis
Despite steady economic growth in the 21st century, the country remains a least developed and a low-income food-deficit country,
Approximately one-quarter of the population lives in poverty, mostly in rural and remote areas
Malnutrition is a critical concern for the country as it struggles with stubbornly high rates of stunting (44 percent) and underweight (27 percent
Lao PDR has some of the highest levels of stunting and un- derweight for children less than five years of age
Pov- erty is a fundamental factor underscoring household economic access to nutritious foods
Household food consumption, measured by the food consumption score, is a key proxy indica- tor of household access to food and stunting is a primary indicator for long-term nutritional deficiency
Malnutrition is a major challenge in Lao PDR. According to recent data, the country remains ’seriously off-track’ for achieving the hunger-related millennium development goals
the target for Laos is 18.2 percent underweight
remained at 26.6 percent underweigh
44.2 percent of children less than five years was stunted
reva- lence of stunting and underweight is closely associated with poverty and geography
children in rural areas without road access are twice as likely to be malnourished than urban children
Micronutrient deficiencies are also suspected to be a critical problem in Lao PDR, particularly for iron, vitamin A, iodine, and zinc.
households with poor or borderline food consumption tend to have lower educational attainment, smaller plots of land and fewer vegetable plots, and engage in more cash crop production as a key source of income
hey tend to have diets heavily based in rice consumption with substantially lower intake of animal protein.[6
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