Brazilian peppertree is one of the worst offenders (Cuda et al. 2006).
encroaching upon nearly all terrestrial ecosystems in central and south Florida
abundant invasive species in the Florida Everglades
Brazilian peppertree is native to Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay (Langeland et al 2008). It is thought to have been introduced to Florida in the 1840s as an ornamental plant
Brazilian peppertree is listed on Florida’s Noxious Weed List. Inclusion on this regulatory list means "it is unlawful to introduce, multiply, possess, move or release any noxious weed"
Brazilian peppertree is sensitive to cold temperatures, so it is more abundant in south and coastal Florida and protected areas of central and north Florida.
Brazilian peppertree colonizes
pastures, urban landscapes, pine rocklands, coastal dunes
It has also colonized the margins of roads, rights of way, levees, and canals throughout south and central Florida
Brazilian peppertree is a shrub or small tree that grows to 10 m (33 ft) tall with a short trunk which is usually hidden in a dense head of contorted, intertwining branches
Birds and mammals are the primary means of seed dispersal
Brazilian peppertree's high seed viability combined with animal dispersal may help explain widespread colonization.
Herbicides that aid in the control of Brazilian peppertrees are available
Cutting down Brazilian peppertrees and treating the tops of the stumps with herbicide comprise one method of control.
The best time to cut Brazilian peppertrees is when they are not fruiting
Brazilian peppertree produces a sap that may result in contact dermatitis in some people
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