persecution they faced in their home countries
increases the vulnerability of LGBTIQ+ refugees, as social support from family and members from the same ethnic community is considered a protective factor for refugees
Fear of contact with ethnic community members may also act as a barrier for LGBTIQ+ refugees to access services
The diversity within the LGBTIQ+ refugee cohort means that not all LGBTIQ+ refugees may experience the same level of disadvantage
gay men may hold more privilege than queer women
who are white- passing may not experience the same level of racism as those who are black
intersectional lens is useful, not only to identify the various layers of discrimination that LGBTIQ
Western societies impose preferred narratives they want to hear from refugees. This includes wanting to share traumatic details of the past, fitting into a Western definition of sexuality
describing one’s home country as being backwards in comparison to Australia, being grateful and most importantly being an out and proud
e aware of the instinct to apply a Westerns lens of gender expression and sexuality over their individual experiences
ongoing training and professional development to ensure their workforce is culturally competent and inclusive
were so accustomed to being rejected that they assumed that providers, especially those presumed to be heterosexual, also would reject them
reate an accepting, compassionate and empowering relationship with their clients’
Change data collection practices
ransgender refugees undergoing a transition may need access to specialised medical treatment,
access to mental health services is especially important for LGBTIQ+ refugees, due to their past experiences of violence, discrimination and persecution
need for safe and inclusive social supports for LGBTIQ+ refugees is highlighted in the literature.
reluctant to access social supports, due to fear of continued discrimination or lack of trust in new systems
most powerful spaces where sexual minority refugees found a place of belonging and affirmation were support groups and organizations that were either sexual minority refugee-specific or queer cultural focused.
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