The earthquake was caused by the North American Plate sliding past the Caribbean Plate at a conservative plate margin.
The pressure that was built up
eventually released causing a magnitude 7 earthquake
The earthquake struck at 16:53 (4
:53pm) local time on Tuesday 12 January 2010.
316,000 people were killed
1 million people were made homeless
3 million people were affected by the earthquake
250,000 homes and 30,000 other buildings
were either destroyed or badly damaged
Transport and communication links were also badly damaged
Hospitals (50+) and schools (1,300+) were badly damaged
The main prison was destroyed and 4,000 inmates escaped
1 in 5 people lost their jobs
Haiti’s largest industry, clothing was one of the worst affected
The large number of deaths meant that hospitals and morgues became full and bodies then had to be piled up on the streets
The large number of bodies meant that diseases, especially cholera, became a serious problem
It was difficult getting aid into the area
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