hese experiences increase job turnover intentions and withdrawal from work
sexual harassment not only occurs in their fields, but contributes to their educational and pro- fessional environments
sexual coercion, unwanted sexual attention, and gender harassment
Despite the perception that they are less severe, because of their frequency these put downs have similar, and often worse, professional and personal consequences for victims
negative psycho- logical, work, and health consequences
A survey of 474 astronomers and planetary scien- tists found that 18% of women of color and 12% of white women skipped professional events because they did not feel safe attending them . Skipping a conference for fear of safety limits valuable networking opportunities.
For example, a study of women employees in different departments and work sites at a utility company found that women experienced higher levels of harassment when they believed that complaints were not taken seriously, it was risky to complain, and/or perpetrators were unlikely to be punished
A longitudinal and daily diary study of women transitioning to college in a STEM major found that women who reported a lower sense of belonging in their STEM major were more likely to expect to switch out of their major
feeling like an outsider
Many studies find that people who experience imposter phenomenon were less satisfied and lower in self-esteem, had higher anxiety, and were more likely to struggle with the effects of depression than those who did not experience the imposter phenomenon
51% (236=463) experienced sexual gender harassment, and 24% (112=463) experi- enced unwanted sexual attention.
Unwanted sexual attention was a significant predictor (β ¼ 0.18; p < 0.001) of attributing successes to good luck in this model.
Sexual gender harass- ment, like remarks and inappropriate jokes or stories, increase attributions of success to external factors like luck and others’ perceptions.
Approximately three-quarters (74.3%; 338=455) of our survey participants experienced some type of gender harassment or unwanted sexual attention in physics in the last two years
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