The potential gender differences noted in this analysis also suggest a need to highlight the negative consequences of delinquent peer associations for on and off-line behaviors among females to help minimize the risk of offending
time spent with peers significantly increased the odds of hacking for girls in keeping with some prior research on female delinquency generally
whereas females whose peers engaged in shoplifting were more likely to hack.
as females were more likely to hack if they spent more time with their peers generally, and also had peers who frightened others
females are more likely to be supervised and monitored by parents or guardians which may decrease their potential for deviant peer interactions and limit opportunities to offend
Youth with low self-control and deviant peer networks had significantly greater odds of engaging in hacking as found in similar studies of hacking with juvenile and young adults samples
Qualitative research demonstrates individuals who engage in hacking gain an interest in this activity typically during early adolescence
Low self-control was also significantly associated with involvement in hacking, which aligns with prior research
The findings demonstrated that individuals with low self-control and deviant peer associations were significant predictors for both males and females
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