Fulfilling civic duties and obeying laws can only be conditions for liberty, not free actions per se, otherwise Skinner's position involves positive rather than negative freedom
metaphysical monism: ‘I agree that the “positive” view must amount to a separate concept. Rather than connecting liberty with opportunities for action – as in the neo-roman as well as in the liberal analysis – the “positive” view connects liberty with the performance of actions of a determined type’
This is about the same time when Skinner began to construct his revisionist project. As the establishment of coercive laws to channel the self-interest of different individuals into the common good is Skinner's major concern, civic virtue and self-government silently recede backstage.
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