there are two TCTs covering the subject property
history of the disputed five-hectare land dates all the way back to the year 1914.
on September 9, 1914, Prudencio Soloza (Prudencio) applied for a homestead patent over a 15-hectare lot
Modesta Fabro (Modesta) opposed the application and claimed ownership over the 15-hectare lot, stating that she and her husband, Juan Quidlat (Juan) have cultivated and occupied the same land since 1904.
the Bureau of Lands approved P1udencio's application and granted in his name Homestead Patent
On April 21, 1925, Original Certificate of Title No. (OCT) 217 over the said 15-hectare lot was issued in Prudencio's name. Prudencio later died in 1941.8 Modesta and Juan also died sometime around the same year.
A civil case for recovery of possession (recovery of possession case) was thereafter instituted over the 15-hectare lot by Prudencio's heirs against siblings Geronima Quidlat and Martina Quidlat (Quidlat siblings), Modesta and Juan's heirs
Court of First Instance (CFI) of Lanao decided in favor of Prudencio's heirs,
on October 8, 1948, OCT 21 was ordered reconstituted and OCT RP-62(21)11 was issued in its stead, also in Prudencio's name.
the CA issued a judgment12 (1954 CA Decision) finding no merit in the Quidlat siblings' appeal of the CFI's decision on the recovery of possession case
at around the same time, a cadastral case was commenced for the titling of several real properties in Sta. Filomena, Iligan City (cadastral case), which was docketed in the Regional Trial Court (RTC)
Among these several properties involved in the cadastral case was Lot No. 1936 spanning 8.1 hectares, which is found within the 15-hectare lot under OCT RP-62(21)
Prudencio's reconstituted OCT RP-62(21) over the 15-hectare lot was cancelled and TCT T-31 (a.f.)17 was issued in Pedro's name
, Pedro sold the 15-hectare lot to Andres Achacoso (Achacoso )
chacoso sold the said lot to Lorenzo Lagandaon (Lagandaon),
agandaon sold a five-hectare portion of the I 5-hectare lot (subject property) to Dionisio Ong
The latter, on the same day, sold this five-hectare subject property to Ponce.
Ponce's tenant, Crispulo Arela (Crispulo), had allegedly been tilling the subject property since 1977. Evangeline Erio (Evangeline) succeeded her father, Crispulo, in tilling the subject property.
the Quidlat siblings sold Lot No. 1936 to the spouses Richard and Norma Lim
They were issued OCT 0-1,164 (a.f.)24 over the 8.1-hectare land on July 21, 1994.
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