complex organization of large agricultural communities ruled by monarchs.
built imposing pyramids , temples, palaces, and administrative structures
most advanced hieroglyphic writing
and the most sophisticated calendrical system.
earliest systems of art patronage.
most common motifs in Mayan art are mortal rulers and supernatural beings.
layers of the structure probably reflect the Mayan belief that the underworld had nine levels and that pyramids were representative of cosmic mountains.
stelae: Upright stone slabs or columns typically bearing a commemorative inscription or relief design, often serving as gravestones. (singular: stela) jade: An ornamental rock with green and blue properties. earspools : Cylindrical earrings that pierce the earlobe. Mesoamerica: A pre-Columbian cultural region extending from the southern part of Mexico to an area that comprises some parts of the countries of Central America.
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