(ILGA) indicate that many countries impose penalties for same-sex relationships, gender noncomformity, and other acts deemed opposed to the cultural or religious observances of the nation.
a person’s deeply held internal perception of one's gender.
Historically, women have had difficulty shedding the expectation that they cannot be a "good mother" and a "good worker" at the same time, which results in fewer opportunities and lower levels of pay (Ogden 2019).
The drive to adhere to masculine and feminine gender roles continues later in life, in a tendency sometimes referred to as "occupational sorting"
Research suggests that it is easier for women violate these norms than men, because men are subject to more social disapproval for being physically close to other men
a person who does not fully understand all of these terms can still be supportive of people who have those orientations or others; in fact, advocacy and support organizations indicate it is much better to admit you don't know something than to make assumptions or apply an incorrect label to someone
demisexual refers to someone who feels a sexual attraction to someone only after they form an emotional bond; the term itself doesn't distinguish among gender identities, but the person may feel attraction based on gender
refers to physical or physiological differences between males and females, including both primary sex characteristics (the reproductive system) and secondary characteristics such as height and muscularity.
refers to behaviors, personal traits, and social positions that society attributes to being female or male.
person’s sex, as determined by their biology, does not always correspond with their gender.
berdache to refer to individuals who occasionally or permanently dressed and lived as a different gender.
capacity to experience sexual feelings and attraction.
physical, mental, emotional, and sexual attraction to a particular sex (male and/or female).
is important to acknowledge and understand that many of these orientations exist on on a spectrum,
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