Nearly one in four human beings lives in the Indian subcontinent.
In Ornamentalism the historian David Cannadine argues that the imperial project was to a great extent a collaboration between Indian and British elites.
These are two groups that invaded and conquered India, first the Muslims and then the British.
Today 31% of the people of the Indian subcontinent are Muslim. Almost all of these people descend from converts from the local populations. That is to say, from Hindus.
The early 20th century was an age of the white man versus what the racialist thinker Lothrop Stoddard termed the “rising tides of color.”
After World War II, Nazi co-option of both “Aryanism” and the horrible consequences of white supremacy transformed the West’s relationship to its understanding of race and history. For decades, European racial supremacism had been a justification for colonialism. European rule would civilize and uplift the “lower races.” Now racism was dismissed as a bankrupt idea that fueled genocide and war. After World War II, white rule over non-white peoples was no longer a viable or acceptable position, and European nations fitfully decolonized.
Every single mainland-Indian population can be thought of as a mixture between the ANI and ASI in various proportions. A Kashmiri Pandit Brahmin from the far north is about 30% ASI. A member of an isolated tribe in southern India is about 30% ANI.
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