The interviews were conducted via tele- phone, audio recorded, and transcribed. All institutional review board protocols for the study were followed to ensure confidentiality and anonymity. Computer-aided qualitative analysis software (QDA Miner Lite [Provalis Research, 2016]) was used to code and analyze the tran- scribed texts of the 17 interviews. Following LeCompte’s (2000) suggestion for analyzing qualitative data, the texts were coded to identify frequency, omission, and declaration of statements relevant to the research ques- tions, and these coded texts were compared and con- trasted until thematic patterns emerged. This permitted our survey results discussion to be interlaced with, and supported by, these thematic findings.
Thus, the role of public servants (e.g., planners) in corruption—whether they are “naive” victims or willing participants— depends on how/whether their planning culture incen- tivizes corruption and how their personal values inform their responses thereto.
To these interviewees, this omission showed how those low in the food chain (e.g., planners) are the first to be “sacrificed” in corrup- tion scandals.
Among the few practitioners who previously reported a corruption incident in the survey, all indicated no action was taken to address the reported incident, whereas some noted being victimized in their organizations.
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