Portugal was a small country,
Many of the first converts were runaway slaves, who took refuge at mission stations and, like the Creoles of West Africa,
NATIONALISM AND DECOLONIZATION
known as Creoles or Kri
en years later, Vasco da Gama (ca. 1469–1524) reached India. In the process, the Portuguese also discovered a series of islands in the Atlantic Ocean: Madeira in 1418, the Cape Verde Islands in 1460, and São Tomé in 1470.
which became either commercial entrepôts or centers of plantation agriculture, usually using African slaves
important Portuguese presence in the Congo kingdom and on the East African coast, where they tried to control the Indian Ocean trade that was profitable for Arab traders.
The Portuguese diaspora was largely made up of men, who often married local women.
Dutch, British, and French,
who wanted to participate in the slave and gold trades.
East Africa, Arab traders and a Swahili resistance won control of all areas north of Mozambique.
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