The Little Rock Nine were a group of nine Black students who enrolled at formerly all-white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in September 1957
Their attendance at the school was a test of Brown v. Board of Education, a landmark 1954 Supreme Court ruling that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional
On September 4, 1957, the first day of classes at Central High, Governor Orval Faubus called in the Arkansas National Guard to block the Black students’ entry into the high school.
Later that month, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent in federal troops to escort the Little Rock Nine into the school
In its Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka decision, issued May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that segregation of America’s public schools was unconstitutional
Until the court’s decision, many states across the nation had mandatory segregation laws
or Jim Crow laws
requiring African American and white children to attend separate schools
known as Brown II, ordering school districts to integrate “with all deliberate speed.
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