Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) or drones for civil and military purposes, is posing a new challenge to airspace control as they are small, carry negligible onboard equipment and are horrendously difficult to track comprehensively.
UN Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago Convention) which dates back to 1944, and had set into motion the formation of International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) as a UN agency in 1947.
Convention’s first Article recognises that every State has complete and exclusive sovereignty over the airspace above its territory.
Civil aviation and military aviation have their own peculiar challenges which get compounded where the two use the same airspace.
airspace is rendered one continuum to be used optimally by all its users through accommodation of maximum requirements of both.
commercial (read revenue) considerations while military aviation has the more intangible concept of national security
confluence thus tends towards tumult and disorderliness.
Flexible Use of Airspace (FUA)
the pre-tactical level
the tactical level
beneficial from the point of view of saving fuel and reducing CO² emissions,
meeting the military needs as dictated by the rapidly changing nature of air warfare,
air traffic management over Asian skies and create more efficient traffic flows over Asian airways
Automatic Dependant Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B)
an aircraft mounted system in which on board equipment automatically broadcasts the precise location of the aircraft
numbers are alarmingly large
Vahana (a one-passenger EVTOL platform), Voom (on-demand helicopter booking platform) and City Airbus (a four-passenger EVTOL platform).
rban Aerial Mobility (UAM), more fancifully referred to as air taxi, is another emerging challeng
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