Findings that are different from what you expected can make for an interesting and thoughtful discussion chapter.
raising new questions that future researchers can explore
potential reasons why your results defied expectations
outside factors (i.e., confounds)
discuss the implications of your non-significant findings to your area of research
emphasize that more research may be needed to reconcile these differences
make specific suggestions for things that future researchers can do differently to help shed more light on the topic
suggest that future researchers should study a different population or look at a different set of variables
conducted a correlational study, you might suggest ideas for experimental studies
qualitative studies that might reconcile the discrepant findings, especially if previous researchers have mostly done quantitative studies
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