Crypto speculation looks a lot like online sports betting, which looks like offline sports betting; cyber hacking resembles classic espionage; spear phishers recall flesh-and-blood con artists. The perpetrators of these crimes lure victims with well-worn appeals to faith and promises of financial reward
The best ways to protect ourselves from online tricks are social—public policies, legal and business incentives, and cultural shifts
Shapiro argues that upcode is responsible for all of technology’s impacts—positive and negative—and downcode is only its product
For any technologist or crypto enthusiast who believes computer code to be law and sees human error as an annoying hiccup, this idea may be disconcerting
hackers as a group to be “moral agents, possessing a sense of justice, purpose, and identity.
If an animal looks like a duck and quacks like a duck, the representativeness heuristic tells us it can swim
It was that sense of conviction that separated the losers from the winners,” he writes, even when the facts might have supported stepping back
The marketing pitch of communal faith and reward, the enticement to join a winning team, feeds a human social instinct—especially as more offline modes of connection are faltering
our settled moral and political convictions on what we owe one another
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