Water scarcity affects more than 40 percent of people, an alarming figure that is projected to rise as temperatures do. Although 2.1 billion people have improved water sanitation since 1990, dwindling drinking water supplies are affecting every continent. More and more countries are experiencing water stress, and increasing drought and desertification is already worsening these trends. By 2050, it is projected that at least one in four people will suffer recurring water shortages. Safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030 requires we invest in adequate infrastructure, provide sanitation facilities, and encourage hygiene. Protecting and restoring water-related ecosystems is essential. Ensuring universal safe and affordable drinking water involves reaching over 800 million people who lack basic services and improving accessibility and safety of services for over two billion. In 2015, 4.5 billion people lacked safely managed sanitation services (with adequately disposed or treated excreta) and 2.3 billion lacked even basic sanitation.
Goal targets By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management
Toughts & Comments
Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals aims to ensure access to clean water and sanitation for all by 2030. Currently, over 40 percent of people are affected by water scarcity, and this number is expected to rise. Improving water sanitation, investing in infrastructure, and promoting hygiene are crucial to achieving this goal. Additionally, protecting and restoring water-related ecosystems is essential. By 2030, the target is to achieve universal access to safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and hygiene, improve water quality, increase water-use efficiency, implement integrated water resources management, and expand international cooperation and support for developing countries in water and sanitation activities.
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