Sugar is poison. It is a chronic-- not acute-- chronic-- dose-dependent-- depends on how much you eat-- because there is a safe threshold-- hepato-- "liver"-- toxin. The metabolic diseases that are associated with obesity-- the diabetes, the heart disease, the lipid problems, the strokes, the cancer-- those diseases are being driven by sugar.
With predictions of rising medical costs, the committee issued the very first dietary goals for Americans, noting that our diet had become overly rich in fatty meats, rich in saturated fats and cholesterol... and rich in sugar. The egg, sugar, dairy and beef associations, <
[ Couric ] Fructose, the sweet part of sugar, can only be processed in the liver. When your liver is pushed to the max, the pancreas comes to the rescue... by producing excess amounts... of a hormone called insulin. [ Lustig ] Insulin is the energy storage hormone. 28:03 Insulin turns sugar into fat for storage. That's insulin's job. [ Couric ] High levels of insulin can also block your brain... from receiving the signal that you're full. [ Beeping ] [ Lustig ] Problem is your brain thinks you're starving. So how do you feel when you're starved? Crappy, tired, slothy
sulin turns sugar into fat for storage. That's insulin's job. [ Couric ] High levels of insulin can also block your brain... from receiving the signal that you're full. [ Beeping ] [ Lustig ] Problem is your brain thinks you're starving. So how do you feel when you're starved? Crappy, tired, slothy. 28:25 Sit on the couch, don't want to do anything. And, of course, hungry. Well, I've just described every obese patient. The behaviors that we associate with obesity-- the eating too much, the exercising too little-- the gluttony and the sloth-- they are the result of the biochemistry, not the cause. [ Brady ] All right.
[ Maggie ] It doesn't look like the lunches have improved that much. They have hamburgers and cheeseburgers, chicken-fried steak... and pizza today. [ Woman ] We have a main dish every day... that is very healthy. We probably did about 25 of those... out of, like, 350. They kind of like-- "I'll have the pizza." And they'd rather get fries and cookies.